Voting and expressing dissatisfaction: an experiment during the 2017 French Presidential election

Annick Laruelle
Ikerlanak Discussion Paper IL106/18


This paper reports an experiment realised with 850 electors during the 2017 French presidential election. It tested a ballot different from the official one. Instead of voting for a unique candidate, participants were asked to cast one vote on each candidate. The vote could be "in favor", "neutral" or "against". The theoretical advantages of such a ballot are discussed and tested empirically.


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